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This operation of applying the magnetic stripe to the plastic cards was done off line in another area of IBM IRD and not in the secured area.
They also supplied the data information which was to be encoded and embossed on the cards.
This data was supplied to IRD on large 0.5 inch wide, 10.5 inch diameter IBM Magnetic Tape Reels which was the standard for computers at that time.
After a frustrating day in the laboratory, trying to get the right adhesive, he came home with several pieces of magnetic tape and several plastic cards.
As he walked in the door at home, his wife Dorothea was ironing clothing.
The line consisted of the following stations and operations: This completed the manufacturing line for the magnetic striped encoded and embossed plastic credit and badge access cards.
They also provide the standards for financial cards, including the allocation of card number ranges to different card issuing institutions.In 1969 Forrest Parry, an IBM engineer, had the idea of securing a piece of magnetic tape, the predominant storage medium at the time, to a plastic card base.
The magnetic stripe was encoded with a single track of data utilizing the IBM Delta Distance C Optical Bar Code format. The IBM group in Raleigh was competing with RCA, Litton-Zellweger and other companies who were working with the National Retail Merchants Association NRMA to develop a standard optical bar code to be used in the retail industry.This engineering effort resulted in IBM IRD producing the first magnetic striped plastic credit and ID cards used by banks, insurance companies, hospitals and many others. on Aug 12, 1969 to head up this engineering effort. The IBM 360 computer was for scientific/business applications so the IRD engineers first had to convert the 360 into a "process control computer" and then develop software and hardware around it.Another result of this project was that IBM IRD and IBM Data Processing Division announced on February 24, 1971 the first Magnetic Credit Card Service Center and the IBM 2730-1 Transaction Validation Terminal. Other members of the group were David Morgan (Manager), Billy House (Software Developer), William Creeden (Programmer), and E. Due to the limited RAM, the software was developed in 360 Assembler Language.The cards were then brought into the secured area and placed in "hoppers" at the beginning of the production line.The tape reels containing the data were then installed on the modified IBM 360 computer prior to beginning the encoding, embossing and verification of the cards.The manufacturing process started by first applying the magnetic stripe to the preprinted plastic cards via the hot stamping process developed by the IBM IRD engineers.